According to the public relations report, a scientific lecture entitled "The fourth generation of weed knowledge (4.0) - knowledge and management of weeds based on data" was delivered by Dr. Mohsen Beheshtian Mesgaran, a researcher abroad, on Sunday 13th September 2020 in the form of a video conference organized by the Department of Research and Technology affairs of the Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection. This video conference was attended by 220 faculty members, researchers and experts in the fields of agriculture and extension from all over the country.
"The industry is showing a huge and unprecedented trend towards automation," he said. This trend is made possible by the sensor technology with the ability to generate large volumes of data, computational power with the ability to process big data, and engineering solutions with the ability to convert information into practical actions. This continuous evolution in industry is often referred to as the fourth generation industry (4.0), which represents the fourth industrial revolution in the human history since the discovery of steam power in 1780 (as the first industrial revolution).
It was pointed out that what is the position of weed technology and knowledge in this rapidly evolving technological landscape? The lecture also addressed the concept of "fourth-generation weed knowledge" and how small and large data combined with physical-cyber integration are transforming weed knowledge and management.